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When taking CSE 101, CSE 107, or CSE 113, we recommend that students new to using Linux use a virtual machine. A virtual machine is an emulated computer, which we'll use to run the GNU/Linux operating system from a Windows or Mac OS machine.
For introductory classes, it is especially helpful to use a virtual machine, since you can be sure you have all of the software required with minimal setup. In this guide, we'll walk you through setting up our standard VM image, which comes with everything you'll need for your classes pre-installed.
Reinitialize the MAC address of all network cardsor your machine may not work. Then, click the Import button.
This machine is yours to break, fool around with, or work on! It's capable of everything you need for our introductory classes.
We recommend checking out The Linux Command Line if you haven't ever used a shell before. Since you'll be spending a lot of your time in a shell from here on, it's good to get familiar with it early.
You should use Dropbox to make sure your files aren't lost, since it can be pretty easy to overwrite something accidentally. We've already installed it for you, so sign up! You should really learn to use our Gitlab, but Dropbox will do the job for now.
Your default text editor is Atom, which is made by Github. Atom supports many plugins and themes that make it able to be highly personalized. The iPython shell is also installed, and is useful for writing Python code. Both are great for people learning to code for the first time.
At some point, nearly every person in this department begins to use Vim and/or Emacs. They are extremely powerful, highly customizable tools, and can make writing code faster, easier, and prettier than in other text editors.
$ emacs, then press
ctrl+h, then press
1. Download/upload an image of your choice. This assumes you have downloaded a file
$ cd ~/.dotfiles/openbox
2. rename the current background file.
$ cp .bg.jpg old.bg.jpg
3. Copy the new background, notice the dot and this assumes you are in the
$ cp ~/Downloads/bg.jpg .bg.jpg
4. You have to exit openbox and run
startx again, Middle Mouse Click and Exit.
If Virtual Box is open but your VM isn't booting, it usually means that virtualization is disabled in your BIOS. For help with the second issue, follow this guide to re-enable it.
If Virtual Box crashes when you start the appliance, or if you get an error message about Hyper-V, you need to diable Hyper-V by following this guide.
If your screen size is too small and will not auto-adjust, click View at the top of the Virtual Box window, and then click Auto-Resize Guest Display. Try this a few times, Virtual Box is sometimes finicky. If this still does not work, run
sudo dpkg-reconfigure virtualbox-guest-dkms in your terminal, and try again.
If your virtual machine starts running out of disk space, see the page on Resizing a VDI for more info.
If you're still having trouble, come by Cramer 222 during our office hours and ask us for help.
If you want to build your own Linux machine, virtual or otherwise, a basic summary of our setup follows. For a full
$ dpkg -l output, please see this page